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Feb 20, 2003 to Feb 6, 2013

Vermont Governor Does What Brattleboro Selectboard Could Not Do - Proclaims Indigenous People's Day

Vermont will be recognizing Indigenous People's Day. Governor Peter Shumlin made it official:

"State of Vermont Executive Department A Proclamation

WHEREAS, Indigenous People's Day was first proposed in 1977 by a delegation of Native Nations to the International Conference on Discrimination Against Indigenous Populations in the Americas; and

WHEREAS, a growing number of cities and towns in the United States have recognized the second Monday of October as "Indigenous People's Day, re-imagining Columbus Day as an opportunity to celebrate indigenous heritage and resiliency; and

WHEREAS, the State of Vermont recognizes the historic, cultural, and contemporary significance of the Indigenous Peoples of the lands that later became known as the Americas, including Vermont, and values the many contributions of these peoples; and

WHEREAS, the State of Vermont recognizes that it was founded and is built upon lands first inhabited by the Indigenous Peoples of this region - the Abenaki and their ancestors and allies - and acknowledges and honors these members of the community, both past and present;

NOW THEREFORE, I, Peter Shumlin, as Governor of the State of Vermont, do hereby proclaim October 10, 2016 as


in Vermont, and on this day traditionally observed as Columbus Day encourage all Vermonters to recognize the sacrifice and contributions of the First Peoples of this land.

Given under my hand and the Great Seal of the State of Vermont this 6th day of October, A.D. 2016.

Peter Shumlin

Governor "


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Well, well

There wasn't a quorum! It's a personal issue! It's a big deal to change a day!

Or, maybe it could just be signed and proclaimed. : )

Glad to see this symbolic action being taken by Vermonters.


Easy peasy

Well, well, look at how simple that was! I would like to think that the SB is now saying "Yeah..we just should have done it" but I'm guessing that's a fantasy. Happy to see Shumlin recognizes the need for respect for other cultures even if it is symbolic.


But it's only once!

The way I read this, he only proclaimed for THIS year. Is that an inaccurate assumption? It's easy to proclaim something once, it's an entirely different thing to change it "forever".


From Brian Bannon

This was sent to me with instructions to post:

"This speaks to what we memorialize when we celebrate Columbus day. I thought it might add to the Indigenous Peoples’ Day discussion. Bartolome’s full letter to the King is harrowing, but this gives an intro. It also gives a view of how the events were seen by at least one who lived through them. The rest of the document is available at the Internet Archive, link at bottom of document.


Bartolomé de Las Casas describes the exploitation of indigenous peoples, 1542

Bartolomé de Las Casas, a Spanish Dominican priest, wrote directly to the King of Spain hoping for new laws to prevent the brutal exploitation of Native Americans. Las Casas’s writings quickly spread around Europe and were used as humanitarian justification for other European nations to challenge Spain’s colonial empire with their own schemes of conquest and colonization.

Now this infinite multitude of Men are by the Creation of God innocently simple, altogether void of and averse to all manner of Craft, Subtlety and Malice, and most Obedient and Loyal Subjects to their Native Sovereigns; and behave themselves very patiently, submissively and quietly towards the Spaniards, to whom they are subservient and subject; so that finally they live without the least thirst after revenge, laying aside all litigiousness, Commotion and hatred…

The natives are capable of Morality or Goodness and very apt to receive the principles of Catholic Religion; nor are they averse to Civility and good Manners…, I myself have heard the Spaniards themselves (who dare not assume the Confidence to deny the good Nature in them) declare, that there was nothing wanting in them for the acquisition of eternal grace, but the sole Knowledge and Understanding of the Deity….

The Spaniards first assaulted the innocent Sheep, so qualified by the Almighty, like most cruel tigers, wolves, and lions, hunger-starved, studying nothing, for the space of Forty Years, after their first landing, but the Massacre of these Wretches, whom they have so inhumanely and barbarously butchered and harassed with several kinds of Torments, never before known, or heard (of which you shall have some account in the following Discourse) that of Three Millions of Persons, which lived in Hispaniola itself, there is at present but the inconsiderable remnant of scarce Three Hundred. Nay the Isle of Cuba, which extends as far, as Valladolid in Spain is distant from Rome, lies now uncultivated, like a Desert, and entombed in its own Ruins. You may also find the Isles of St. John, and Jamaica, both large and fruitful places, unpeopled and desolate. The Lucayan Islands on the North Side, adjacent to Hispaniola and Cuba, which are Sixty in number, or thereabout, together with those, vulgarly known by the name of the Gigantic Isles, and others, the most infertile whereof, exceeds the Royal Garden of Seville in fruitfulness, a most Healthful and pleasant Climate, is now laid waste and uninhabited; and whereas, when the Spaniards first arrived here, about Five Hundred Thousand Men dwelt in it, they are now cut off, some by slaughter, and others ravished away by Force and Violence, to work in the Mines of Hispaniola, which was destitute of Native Inhabitants: For a certain Vessel, sailing to this Isle, to the end, that the Harvest being over (some good Christian, moved with Piety and Pity, undertook this dangerous Voyage, to convert Souls to Christianity) the remaining gleanings might be gathered up, there were only found Eleven Persons, which I saw with my own Eyes. There are other Islands Thirty in number, and upward bordering upon the Isle of St. John, totally unpeopled; all which are above Two Thousand miles in length, and yet remain without Inhabitants, Native, or People.

As to the firm land, we are certainly satisfied, and assured, that the Spaniards by their barbarous and execrable Actions have absolutely depopulated Ten Kingdoms, of greater extent than all Spain, together with the Kingdoms of Aragon and Portugal, that is to say, above One Thousand Miles, which now lye waste and desolate, and are absolutely ruined, when as formerly no other Country whatsoever was more populous. Nay we dare boldly affirm, that during the Forty Years space, wherein they exercised their sanguinary and detestable Tyranny in these Regions, above Twelve Millions (computing Men, Women, and Children) have undeservedly perished; nor do I conceive that I should deviate from the Truth by saying that above Fifty Millions in all paid their last Debt to Nature.

Those that arrived at these Islands from the remotest parts of Spain, and who pride themselves in the Name of Christians, steered Two courses principally, in order to the Extirpation, and Exterminating of this People from the face of the Earth. The first whereof was raising an unjust, bloody, cruel War. The other, by putting them to death, who hitherto, thirsted after their Liberty, or designed (which the most Potent, Strenuous and Magnanimous Spirits intended) to recover their pristine Freedom, and shake off the Shackles of so injurious a Captivity: For they being taken off in War, none but Women and Children were permitted to enjoy the benefit of that Country-Air…

Now the ultimate end and scope that incited the Spaniards to endeavor the Extirpation and Desolation of this People, was Gold only…

Finally, in one word, their Ambition and Avarice, than which the heart of Man never entertained greater, and the vast Wealth of those Regions; the Humility and Patience of the Inhabitants (which made their approach to these Lands more easy) did much promote the business: Whom they so despicably contemned, that they treated them (I speak of things which I was an Eye Witness of, without the least fallacy) not as Beasts, which I cordially wished they would, but as the most abject dung and filth of the Earth; and so solicitous they were of their Life and Soul, that the above-mentioned number of People died without understanding the true Faith or Sacraments. And this also is as really true that the _Spaniards_ never received any injury from the Indians, but that they rather reverenced them as Persons descended from Heaven, until that they were compelled to take up Arms, provoked thereunto by repeated Injuries, violent Torments, and unjust Butcheries.

Bartolomé de Las Casas, A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies… (Project Gutenberg EBook: 2007), 9-16.

Available through the Internet Archive




Hey that's fine. He can sign all the "symbolic" legislation he wants. As long as he isn't signing any new tax that's going to further destroy any economic activity and continue to damage this state.


First person born in Vermont

I heard on the radio today,that the first person born in Vermont was born in Brattleboro in 16-something.
Isn't that special?
Does that mean that indigenous people were hatched?


wrong on many levels... : )

Considering the land beneath us was given the name Vermont closer to 1777, and Brattleboro got its name in 1753, that "first person" wasn't born in Brattleboro, Vermont. : )

(They were probably referring tot he first white person born around here...)


a holiday, big deal

How about giving the Native Americans in VT some land and permission to build a casino and make some money, as they have done in many states. This is holiday a lot of big talk and zero action. This is an empty gesture that only soothe the guilty conscience of someone who thinks this will make a difference.


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